Farber, Manny. "Art." Nation, February 17, 1951, pp. 162–63.
Coates, Robert M. "Present and Past." The New Yorker, March 31, 1951, pp. 85–87.
Catskill Mountain Star (Saugerties, NY). "Woodstock Foundation Announces 1951 Winners: Five Receive Awards for Creative Ability." October 26, 1951.
Coates, Robert M. "The Abstract Expressionists and Others." The New Yorker, December 29, 1951.
Devree, Howard. "Abstract Export: Controversial 'Vanguard' Work to Go to Paris." The New York Times, December 30, 1951.
60th Annual American Exhibition. Exh. cat. Chicago: Art Institute of Chicago, 1951.
Ritchie, Andrew Carnduff. Abstract Painting and Sculpture in America. Exh. cat. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 1951.
The New York Times. "New Art Year Begins with Several Shows." December 31, 1951.
Motherwell, Robert, and Ad Reinhardt, eds. Modern Artists in America: First Series. New York: Wittenborn, Schultz, 1951.
40 American Painters, 1940–1950. Exh. cat. Minneapolis: The University Gallery, University of Minnesota, 1951.
Catalogue of the Permanent Collection, Iowa State Teachers College. Brochure. Cedar Falls: Iowa State Teachers College, [1951?].
Catalogue of the One Hundred and Forty-Sixth Annual Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture. Exh. cat. Philadelphia: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 1951.
1951 Annual Exhibition Sculpture, Watercolors, and Drawings. Exh. cat. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, 1951.
An Exhibition of Contemporary Art. Exh. cat. Little Rock: University of Arkansas Art Center, 1951.
International Water Color Exhibition 16th Biennial. Exh. cat. Brooklyn: Brooklyn Museum, 1951.
Nebraska Art Association Sixty-First Annual. Exh. cat. Lincoln: University Galleries, University of Nebraska, 1951.
Exhibition of Paintings. Exh. cat. Boulder: University of Colorado, 1951.